Influenza vaccination is even more important this year due to the coronavirus pandemic, especially for vulnerable groups.The influenza vaccine is given in one dose to adults and in two doses to children over 6 months and under 9 years of age who are receiving the vaccine for the first time. The duration of the vaccination is approximately 6 months.It is prescribed free of charge to the following groups, but doctors encourage universal vaccination, which can be recommended by the Department of Health.
The high risk groups that should be vaccinated against influenza according to the national immunization program are:
1. Employees of health care facilities (medical personnel and other employees).
2. People aged 60 and over
3. Children (6 months and over) and adults with one or more of the following aggravating factors or chronic diseases:
• Asthma or other chronic lung disease
• Heart disease with severe hemodynamic disorder
• Immunosuppression (hereditary or acquired)
3. Sickle cell disease (and other hemoglobinopathies)
• Diabetes mellitus or other chronic metabolic disease
• Chronic kidney disease
• Neurological-neuromuscular diseases
4. Pregnant, regardless of gestational age, midwives and nursing mothers
5. People suffering from morbid obesity (body mass index> 40 kg / m 2) and children with a BMI> 95th CE
6. Children taking long term aspirin (eg for Kawasaki disease, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.) for the potential risk of developing Reye’s syndrome after the flu.
7. People who are in close contact with children under 6 months of age or who are caring for people with an underlying illness that increases the risk of flu complications.
8. Closed populations, such as internal staff and students (schools, military and police schools, special schools and inmates and staff of institutions, etc.).
9. Veterinarians, poultry farmers, pig farmers, breeders, slaughterers and generally people who come into regular contact with birds or pigs.